Tomatoes

Tomatoes are yet another immigrant from the New World. They have been incorporated into Thai cuisine, but tomatoes - makeua tet in Thai - don't play nearly the same role they do in western cuisine. Tomatoes are often used just to add a bit of color to a dish, and rarely form the basis for a recipe as they do with Italian sauces.

Tomatoes
A large pile of tomatoes on sale in the market.

Thai tomatoes come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Smaller fruits are generally preferred, with perhaps the most common resembling the plum tomatoes favored by Italians as well. These will be added whole to green papaya salad, or sometimes quartered and tossed into fried rice.

Tomatoes on sale
A stall in Bangkok's Pak Klong market selling several types of tomatoes

Tomatoes are rich in vitamins and also a good source of key antioxidants. The University of California at Davis in the United States recently rated the tomato as the single most important fruit or vegetable of western diets, in terms of the vitamins and minerals delivered.

Tomatoes also have a high content of glutamate, a naturally occurring compound that provides the "G" in MSG, a seasoning that has gotten a rather bad name. It is glutamate that makes foods taste good. Other foods high in natural glutamate are cheese, fish and mushrooms.

Weight Information
1 cup 101.0 g
1 recipe yield 604.0 g
Nutritional Information for 1 cup
Energy 79.79
Protein 1.9796 20.000 10%
Total lipid (fat) 2.7068 65.000 4%
Carbohydrate, by difference 13.1805 300.000 4%
Fiber, total dietary 1.717 25.000 7%
Calcium, Ca 26.26 1000.000 3%
Iron, Fe 1.0706 18.000 6%
Magnesium, Mg 15.15 400.000 4%
Phosphorus, P 38.38 1000.000 4%
Potassium, K 249.47 3500.000 7%
Sodium, Na 459.55 2400.000 19%
Zinc, Zn 0.1818 15.000 1%
Copper, Cu 0.09595 2.000 5%
Manganese, Mn 0.19493 2.000 10%
Selenium, Se 1.212 70.000 2%
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid 18.382 60.000 31%
Thiamin 0.10908 1.500 7%
Riboflavin 0.0808 1.700 5%
Niacin 1.1211 20.000 6%
Pantothenic acid 0.25856 10.000 3%
Vitamin B-6 0.08686 2.000 4%
Folate, total 11.11 400.000 3%
Folate, food 11.11 400.000 3%
Vitamin A, IU 672.66 5000.000 13%
Fatty acids, total saturated 0.52621 20.000 3%
Fatty acids, total monounsaturated 1.05848
Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated 0.88678